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Details about Romania:

 

Geography

People

Government

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Geography:

Geographic coordinates:

46 00 N, 25 00 E

Location:

Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine (controls most easily traversable land route between the Balkans, Moldova, and Ukraine)

Boundaries:
total: 2,508 km
borders: Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, Moldova 450 km, Serbia and Montenegro 476 km (all with Serbia), Ukraine (north) 362 km, Ukraine (east) 169 km, Coastline 225 km

Area (slightly smaller than Oregon or slightly smaller than New York and Pennsylvania combined):
total: 237,500 sq km (91,699 sq mi)
land: 230,340 sq km
water: 7,160 sq km

Climate:

temperate;

cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog;

sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms

Terrain:

The Carpathian Mountains encase the north-central Transylvanian plateau. There are wide plains South and East of the mountains, through which flow the lower reaches of the rivers of the Danube System.

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m

Land use:
arable land: 41%
permanent crops: 3%
permanent pastures: 21%
forests and woodland: 29%
other: 6% (1993 est.)

Natural resources:

petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt

Natural hazards:

earthquakes most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides

Environment—current issues:

soil erosion and degradation; water pollution; air pollution in south from industrial effluents; contamination of Danube delta wetlands

 

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People:

Population:

22,334,312 (July 1999 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 19% (male 2,117,289; female 2,027,940)
15-64 years: 68% (male 7,563,695; female 7,663,491)
65 years and over: 13% (male 1,234,760; female 1,727,137) (1999 est.)

Population growth rate:

-0.23% (1999 est.)

Birth rate:

10.09 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

Death rate:

11.55 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

18.12 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 70.83 years
male: 67.05 years
female: 74.81 years (1999 est.)

Total fertility rate:

1.27 children born/woman (1999 est.)

Nationality:
noun: Romanian(s)
adjective: Romanian

Ethnic groups:

Romanian 89.1%

Hungarian 8.9%

German 0.4%

Ukrainian, Serb, Croat, Russian, Turk, and Gypsy 1.6%

Religions:

Romanian Orthodox 70%

Roman Catholic 3%

Greek Catholic 3%

Protestant 6%

unaffiliated 18%

Languages:

Romanian, Hungarian, German

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97%
male: 98%
female: 95% (1992 est.)

 

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Government:

Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Romania
local long form: none
local short form: Romania

Data code:

RO

Currency:

Lei (singular: leu)

Government type:

Republic

Capital:

Bucharest

Administrative divisions:

40 counties: Alba, Arad, Arges, Bacau, Bihor, Bistrita-Nasaud, Botosani, Braila, Brasov, Buzau, Calarasi, Caras-Severin, Cluj, Constanta, Covasna, Dimbovita, Dolj, Galati, Gorj, Giurgiu, Harghita, Hunedoara, Ialomita, Iasi, Maramures, Mehedinti, Mures, Neamt, Olt, Prahova, Salaj, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Teleorman, Timis, Tulcea, Vaslui, Vilcea, Vrancea

National holiday:

National Day of Romania, 1 December (1990)

Constitution:

8 December 1991

Suffrage:

18 years of age; universal

Diplomatic representation in the US:

Chancery: 1607 23rd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

Telephone: [1] (202) 332–4846, 4848, 4851

FAX: [1] (202) 232–4748

Consulate(s) general: Los Angeles and New York

Diplomatic representation from the US:

Embassy: Strada Tudor Arghezi 7–9, Bucharest

Mailing address: American Consulate General (Bucharest), Unit 1315, APO AE 09213–1315

Telephone: [40] (1) 210 01 49, 210 40 42

FAX: [40] (1) 210 03 95

Branch office: Cluj–Napoca

 

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